Otoplasty: Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery in Bangkok, Thailand
Otoplasty is a cosmetic ear surgery performed to change a patient's ears' shape, position, or size. Some people choose to undergo Otoplasty because they have ear deformities. Others seek plastic surgeons for an otoplasty because they have prominent ears.
Ear correction surgery can be performed on patients whose ears have already reached their full size. Typically, this happens when a person is around the age of five.
Why is Otoplasty performed done?
This type of plastic surgery is commonly performed if:
- The patient's outer ear sticks out too far from the head (prominent ears)
- A patient's ears are large in proportion to the head
- The patient is not satisfied with a previous ear surgery
Prominent ears or ear deformity can happen if a patient has certain genetic features or health conditions that affect the growth of cartilage. Any of these reasons can affect one or both ears. However, prominent ear deformity should not affect a person's hearing abilities.
While getting cosmetic surgery isn't needed, it may help people with prominent ears have better self-esteem and confidence. In fact, research
showed that people with prominent ears often suffer from embarrassment and psychological distress.
What are the different types of Otoplasty?
There are several types of otoplasty techniques or surgical procedures that plastic surgeons perform to correct ear deformation:
Some people have smaller ears or ears that have not developed fully. This surgical technique will help increase the size of the patient's outer ear.
This type of surgical Otoplasty involves drawing the ears closer to the patient's head. This type of Otoplasty is performed in patients whose outer ear sticks out prominently from the sides of their head.
Some people suffer from a medical condition known as Macrotia. People with Macrotia tend to have ears that are larger than average. An ear reduction surgery can reduce the size of a person's ears.
Who are good candidates for Otoplasty
Cosmetic ear surgery is typically performed on patients who meet specific criteria, including:
- People whose ears protrude from their head
- Patients whose ears are larger or smaller than normal
- Individuals whose ears have an abnormal shape due to injury, trauma, or birth defect
Additionally, good candidates for Otoplasty must be:
- Aged 5 or older. This is to ensure that the auricle (outer ear) is at least 90% developed
- In good health. Patients who do not have medical conditions that may impair the healing process or increase the risk of complications.
- Nonsmokers. Smoking can negatively affect the healing process and decrease blood flow.
Otoplasty can also be performed as revision surgery. This means a patient has previously had ear surgery but is unhappy about the result.
How do you prepare for Otoplasty?
Before you get otoplasty plastic surgery, you will need to consult a plastic surgeon who will form a surgical plan.
During your consultation, your plastic surgeon will likely:
Review your medical history. The surgeon would most likely ask you about current and previous health conditions. You will also be asked to discuss past surgeries and any medications you are currently taking.
Physical examination. The plastic surgeon will examine your ears, including the placement, size, shape and symmetry. In some cases, the surgeon may take photos of your ears for your medical record.
Discuss your concerns and expectations. Your doctor will likely ask you why you want to get ear surgery and what results you are expecting following the procedure. If you have any concerns about the procedure, such as complications and any possible allergic reaction, this is the time to discuss it with the surgeon.
- Patients should elevate their heads for a few days after surgery to minimize the swelling.
- Using a facial bandage
- Eat a soft diet
- Use mouthwash to prevent infection
- Attend all follow-up consultations
Questions To Ask Plastic Surgeons Before Getting Cheek Augmentation in Thailand
Otoplasty is typically performed as an outpatient procedure. The cosmetic surgery itself should take no more than three hours. However, the time it takes a plastic surgeon to perform an otoplasty from start to end would depend on the specifics and complexity of the procedure.
Adults and older children may be given local anesthesia during the procedure. Younger children typically receive general anesthesia.
Your doctor may make incisions on the back of your ears and within the inner creases of the ear. Once the incisions have been made, the plastic surgeon may remove any excess cartilage and skin. The doctor will then fold the cartilage into the proper position and secure it with internal stitches. In some cases, additional stitches or surgical tape may be used to close the incisions.
Associated risks and complications
Common post-surgery side effects include:
- Sore or itchy ears
- Numbness or tingling
Common post-surgery side effects include:
- Allergic reaction to anesthesia
- Excessive bleeding
- Ears that do not look symmetrical
- Visible scarring
- Changes in skin sensation
What is the recovery process?
Following the procedure, the surgeon will likely place a dressing over the ears. It is important to keep the dressing clean and dry. In addition, a patient should observe the following:
- Avoid touching or scratching the ears
- Sleep in a position that does not require you to rest on your ears
- Wear a loose headband at night to prevent you from getting your ears pulled