Hair transplant surgery is a technique used for moving individual hair follicles from a specific part of the body to bald or balding parts of the head. The various hair grafts with the hair follicles, genetically resistant to balding, are transplanted to the bald scalp.
As it is a surgical procedure, patients should choose a surgeon with expertise in hair transplants. Once the transplant is done, the hair that is transplanted can begin to grow naturally. This hair may also be styled and trimmed naturally. Donor hair may be taken from the back and sides of the scalp as these areas are usually bald resistant.
The procedure for transplant is the use of follicular unit transplantation with microscopic dissection. This is a state-of-art technique in hair transplantation surgery and the finest method to give the lowest hair transection combined with lower Trichophytic closure and retention sutures to help minimize donor scar. This is the standard for all hair transplant specialists.
Following the procedure, the growth rate success of surgery is approximately 95%, although it is virtually impossible to count transplanted hair and compare their numbers to what was moved. For new bald patients, this percentage may fall as they have no scaring yet. Scaring is a contributing factor for a low percentage of hair growth as this typically means decreased blood flow which can transplant into lower graft survival rates.
Transplant surgeries are done on an outpatient basis under mild sedation and injected local anesthesia. The procedure lasts about six hours.